Island Hammock Pet Hospital®
and Boarding Villa
Serving the Upper Keys; Key Largo, Islamorada, Tavernier and Ocean Reef
Island Hammock Pet Hospital®
and Boarding Villa

Understanding Oral Health In Our Pets

Signs of Oral/Dental Disease in Dogs and Cats

  1. Bad Breath 
  2. Loose teeth or teeth that are discolored or covered in tartar
  3. Your pet shies away from you when you touch the mouth area 
  4. Bleeding from the mouth
  5. Drooling or dropping food from the mouth (messy eater) 
  6. Change in appetite or loss of weight  
  7. Obvious pain or discomfort 

Often, there are no obvious symptoms

Normal Mouth


Healthy teeth and gums. 
There is no plaque or tartar.

Stage 1 - Gingivitis

The gum line is inflamed but there is no evidence of support loss. Treatment involves plaque and calculus removal. Annual dental treatments at IHPH will keep this condition from progressing.

The gum line is inflamed but 
there is no evidence 
of support loss. Treatment 
involves plaque and 
calculus removal. Annual 
dental treatments at IHPH 
will keep this condition 
from progressing.
The gum line is inflamed but 
there is no evidence 
of support loss. Treatment 
involves plaque and 
calculus removal. Annual 
dental treatments at IHPH 
will keep this condition 
from progressing.
The gum line is inflamed but 
there is no evidence 
of support loss. Treatment 
involves plaque and 
calculus removal. Annual 
dental treatments at IHPH 
will keep this condition 
from progressing.

Stage 2 - Early Periodontitis


The tooth begins to lose its support. Treatment involves the removal of plaque, calculus and specific periodontal therapy based on examination findings, in addition to annual dental treatments.

Stage 3 - Moderate Periodontitis


Gums are inflamed, swollen, bleed easily and are being damaged by infection and tartar. Sore mouth may affect eating and behavior. Bad breath is present. Periodontal disease may become irreversible. Teeth may be loose and oral surgery may be necessary.

Stage 4 - Advanced Periodontitis

Severe inflammation, gum recession and bleeding, bone loss and possible tooth mobility. Treatment will likely include extractions. Regular follow-up cleanings and diligent home care will be needed to maintain oral stability. Oral surgery is necessary.